Unethical Essay Topics
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Essay writing services are all over the Internet. A quick Google search will turn up hundreds of academic writing service on the web, from major companies to part-time independent freelancers, and PayPal makes it even easier to securely order papers online. But these services are not without controversy. Custom writing services often bring to mind plagiarism concerns and ethical questions, especially for academic essay writing.
Many universities have honor codes prohibiting students from purchasing essays, arguing it is ethically wrong to submit another person's work for a grade, whether or not it is plagiarized or paid for. However, in the professional world, it's increasingly common for busy executives to hire ghostwriters to author expert articles or thought leadership papers. Is contracting with an essay writing service any different?
Essay Writing Companies: An Insider-Perspective
Curious to learn more about essay writing services, including just how popular they truly are and who is using these services, I spoke with a writer from SuperiorPapers company. The writer explained that the industry is busier than ever, with thousands of students eager to order papers online.
"I've been part of the custom-writing industry for seven years, and I can say that it's constantly gaining on popularity among students," said the writer, who preferred to remain anonymous to protect his client base. "One misconception is that only foreign students use essay writing services because they struggle to write effectively in English. It's true that foreign students may have more troubles with academic language, but almost everyone who's part of this educational system needs professional writing help at one point or another. No matter how committed and talented a student is, it's impossible for them to meet all coursework requirements, and the task of writing is the only one they can delegate."
According to the professional writer, students from prestigious universities are some of his most regular clients.
"When you're admitted to Berkeley, Yale, Oxford, or another top tier university, failing is simply not an option," said the writer. "That's why so many people decide to order papers online when they can't meet the deadline or the requirements of the assignment. Since custom-writing services deliver all types of papers in different subject areas, virtually every academic writing dilemma can be solved."
Plagiarism & Cheating: Stopping the Epidemic
Plagiarism is a serious transgression at all levels of education that can even result in expulsion should a student be caught. College professors have been known to regularly run essays through Copyscape services. Back in 2008, US News & World Report reported on the rise in text-matching software to catch plagiarized content. The percentage of students who admitted to cheating topped 50 percent in 2002, reports one of the nation's leading cheating experts, Donald McCabe of Rutgers. Since then, it's dropped precipitously in response to new anti-cheating technologies.
Software companies like Turnitin.com and SafeAssign built up massive databases of millions of school papers, books, articles, and Web pages for professors to compare student assignments against. Some professors say catching plagiarism is as simple as Googling a few phrases in a student's paper that are unattributed. Other professors rely on highly sensitive plagiarism detection engines; they offer instant results with links to the original content. If the paper contains a single sentence or even part of a sentence that's not entirely unique, the tool will easily discover it.
Inside the Popularity of Essay Writing Services: Too Many Assignments, Too Much Pressure, Not Enough Time
Our contemporary education system is based heavily upon written assignments, especially for students pursuing a liberal arts education. In the high-stakes world of elite colleges and universities, students with too many assignments and too little time say that professional writing services offer a safe way out. Students who do use essay writing services say they turn to them out of desperation- and the assurance these services offer that content is 100% original and plagiarism-free.
A "plagiarism-free" guarantee is prominent on virtually every company's website. Professional essay writers, like the one I spoke with, say they base their content upon the requirements of the customer. Sources are referenced fully according to the specified citation style. Consequently, when students decide to purchase academic content online, they're submitting unique work and are free from the repercussions that come with plagiarized content. This is a slippery ethical slope, however, as this work is most certainly not their own.
Cheating in college happens, and as long as students feel under pressure to produce in elite institution - while balancing demanding coursework, jobs, and a burgeoning social life - it's inevitable some will succumb to the temptations of cheating. Paying for an essay may not be on the same level as copying exam answers off another student's paper, but it's certainly not the submission of original work, either. Using the label piracy for content purchased online does not discourage students to rely on essay writing services.
Students know that this work is entirely original without any signs of plagiarism, so there's no deterrent against submitting it as their own. Perhaps then the change needs to come from the professors, not the students. Elite colleges and universities need to re-think student workload, how best to inspire students to complete their own work, and how best to assist students in becoming stronger, clearer writers.
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As professionals, we have an individual opportunity and a standard of responsibility to be committed to the standards of quality of ethical and moral standards in the workplace. Employees having a high ethical standard are paramount to the success of any organization and acting in an unethical manner will almost ultimately destroy it. This essay will provide some basic ethical guidelines that apply to organizations, why unethical behavior is happening in the workplace, and finally, it will identify ways in which management and organizations can encourage ethical behavior.
The definition of ethical behavior is a way of interaction within a company, community, and culture of an organization that tends to be good for the business and involves demonstrating respect for vital moral principles that generally includes integrity, fairness, dignity, and basic rights. Unethical behavior is any action that is set out to taking advantage of another without their knowledge or consent. Even though unethical behavior is bad, not all unethical situations are illegal. Today’s society has been completely out of touch with the most the most basic principles of integrity and moral fairness. There is so much corruption in business today that the true meaning of ethical behavior has almost been forgotten. Because of these reasons, many organizations have put specific guidelines in place to ensure that unethical behavior can be quickly identified and dealt with. One of the easiest ways that an employee can keep from being unethical is just doing the right thing, for the right reasons, at the right time.
In the Marine Corps, we call that Honor, Courage and Commitment and being faithful to you and the institution that you are a part of. Some other guidelines are honesty. Employees should be truthful and of the highest integrity. If you want others to be honest to you then you should do the same. Fairness is another example of not being unethical. Everyone should treat others as they wish to be treated. When an employee doesn’t practice fairness, it causes unjustified hate and prejudice. Managers who don’t treat every employee as equal is unethical even though it’s not illegal. At no time should anyone show bias among employees. This could create a culture that causes employee abandonment. People will be talking behind each other’s back and the manager may not get the respect that he/she deserves. Employees should know and understand what’s expected of them and what their obligations are when it comes to not engaging in unethical behavior.
Organizations operate more effectively and efficiently when everyone practices ethical behavior and all employees are held accountable when they do not. Companies like the United Postal Service, General Mills, and AFLAC are great examples of organizations that have strong ethical guidelines in place and their profit shares show it. Having ethical guidelines are the foundation of a professional organizations success. Next, this essay will identify some common reasons for unethical behavior in the workplace. One of the most important questions one can ask is what makes employees make unethical decisions or why they start to act in unethical ways. There are numerous reasons that someone can cross the line. Often, the pressure of succeeding can push someone to do things that they would never ordinarily do. Having deadlines to meet and high expectations or maybe even constant pressure from managers, co-workers, and clients could cause someone to engage in an unethical behavior.
Others make unethical choices simply because they aren’t really sure what the right thing is to do. For example, they aren’t given any guidance of the Code of Ethics that are in place. Some just don’t have any ethical values because they have never been taught. It’s in their nature and they will never learn or overcome this disease. These employees never consider whether something is right or wrong. Some employees only feel or want to know what’s in it for them and if they can get away with it. Greed can be a cause of unethical behavior, having a financial gain, and the type of environment that you are working in. Sometimes, unethical behavior has been the culture of the organization and you have did it so much that it doesn’t even bother you. People just look the other way as though it has never happened. Another is career advancement; employees will do whatever it takes to progress in their career. The last cause is just being ignorant. Organizations need to ensure that they keep employees informed of their policies and train employees of what is expected of them ethically.
The last point I will discuss is how management and organizations encourage ethical behavior. The first thing that they should do is establish a code of ethics. This will let every employee know what is expected of them and what their responsibility is to the company ethically. Being ethical starts with the top leadership and they are the ones that should make sure that a preamble is posted around the office and that it promotes integrity and truthfulness. Leaders should always demonstrate their commitment to modeling ethical behavior. Businesses that have a code of ethics and follow them normally will have a competitive advantage and generate higher profits which make them successful. Management can build an ethics program that shows and educate employees on workplace ethics, values, and morality that guides its decision making process. Senior leaders can appoint a chief compliance or an ethics officer to drive the program’s success.
This could serve as a means of communication, training and resource center for employees. Leaders can also analyze the company’s corporate culture and make sure that’s going in a positive direction. The culture should define the organizations standards and identify who an employee can contact when faced with an ethical dilemma. The code of ethics should be stated in the employee handbook and that it is clearly understandable. Another way that managers can encourage ethical behavior is by making sure they hire and recruit ethical people. This can be done by having background checks and a strong vetting selection.
Putting compliances and code of ethics would drastically reduce the number of unethical situations. In conclusion, unethical situations can destroy an organizations culture. Employees should recognize the importance of not acting unethical. Senior leaders should incorporate ethical guidelines and ensure that everyone is in compliance. Having a code of ethics and following them will enable the organizations success. Ethical behavior is making good decisions based on those codes of ethics. This is the recipe for a successful business.
Giacalone, Mark, D., Handbook of Unethical Work Behavior, (2012), Sharpe, M.E. Inc.
Wheelen, T.L., & Hunger, J.D. (2010). Strategic Management and Business Policy: Toward Global Sustainability (13th ed). Prentice Hall